An energy efficient façade is designed so that it provides the necessary function and well being of the occupants while contributing the energy saving of the building.
Making up at least 25 per cent of the total construction budget, the weight of the building enclosure goes well beyond the capital costs; its contribution to life-cycle costs can be as much as 60 per cent depending on the structure of the cladding elements and function of the building.
While the enclosure should keep the heat in winter and solar gain out in summer, it also needs to perform the role of a filter between indoor and outdoor environments by controlling the light and air intake.
Not only the physical and structural specifications like insulation thickness or material density but also visible characteristics of the building enclosure like window to wall ratio or the form and orientation of the building have a massive impact on the life-cycle costs of it.
Producing an energy efficient envelope is a smart investment both for the operation of the building and environment. Only when the building has been designed to minimise energy loss, it makes sense to look for the feasibility of further options like renewable energy technologies or use of high efficiency equipment in building services. This approach is modelled under the concept "The Trias Energetica". Limiting the energy demand cannot be initiated without an efficient and well-designed building envelope.
As far as energy efficiency is concerned, strategic decision making as early as schematic design stage would result in better performing facades during the service life of the building.
All these metrics along with general properties of cladding materials like durability should be considered to provide a balanced trade-off between what is invested and what is profited on the building enclosure during the service life of the building.
Building well designed and efficient building envelopes is not limited to product details but requires a strategic approach regarding the enclosure by providing the design team with the guidance at early design stage. For instance, decisions like a building’s orientation or window to wall ratio of the enclosure are made with minimal project cost implications but their outcome might dramatically affect the construction and whole life cost of the building.
BDS uses energy simulation modelling allied with daylight simulation tools to analyse different passive design measures. Several scenarios regarding to building enclosure are assessed with the members of the design team including the architect and MEP before reaching out a solution.
Energy modelling and daylight simulation tools not only gives us the opportunity to assess and minimize the energy consumption of the building, but building enclosure components can be optimized by interpreting the results as well.
InIstanbul is a residential development comprising 2724 apartments which are distributed in 13 blocks on a plot of land over 20 acres in size. Exterior enclosure is composed of SFS walls finished with plaster in which large sash windows are punched in along the facade.
A Grade-A office building certified with LEED Gold rating, Torun Tower stands tall at 153 meters in the financial district of Istanbul. The building covers an area of 106.080 m2 in 32 floors above a podium which incorporates also lettable spaces.
A distinctive building with it's iconic character, AFA which comprises of two big auditoriums is a cultural centre in the city of Sakarya, Turkey. Carefully panelised exterior opaque areas are clad with smooth, distorted panels.